The bid was run by an independent company, Imagine Belfast, who boasted that it would "make Belfast the meeting place of Europe's legends, where the meaning of history and belief find a home and a sanctuary from caricature, parody and oblivion. Formerly known as Belfast Institute of Further and Higher Education, it specialises in vocational education. , In its 2018 report on Best Places to Live in Britain, The Sunday Times named Ballyhackamore, "the brunch capital of Belfast", as the best place in Northern Ireland. There are two independent cinemas in Belfast: the Queen's Film Theatre and the Strand Cinema, which host screenings during the Belfast Film Festival and the Belfast Festival at Queen's. Records of the seaweeds of County Antrim were brought together and published in 1907 by J. Adams who notes that the list contains 211 species.  The Ulster University also maintains a campus in the city, which concentrates on fine art, design and architecture. Northern Ireland Railways provides suburban services along three lines running through Belfast's northern suburbs to Carrickfergus, Larne and Larne Harbour, eastwards towards Bangor and south-westwards towards Lisburn and Portadown. Belfast has a large port used for exporting and importing goods, and for passenger ferry services. It's just that we have a business in Belfast and the mail is 50/50 roughly addressed to either down or antrim. Belfast produced the Formula One racing stars John Watson who raced for five different teams during his career in the 1970s and 1980s and Ferrari driver Eddie Irvine. The 2017–18 Irish League champions Crusaders are based at Seaview, in the north of the city. In 1920–21, as the two parts of Ireland drew apart, up to 500 people were killed in disturbances in Belfast, the bloodiest period of strife in the city until the Troubles of the late 1960s onwards. The Belfast Marathon is run annually on May Day, and attracted 20,000 participants in 2011.  In 2006, the City Council set aside £8 million to continue this work. The Giants play in the 10-team professional Elite Ice Hockey League which is the top league in Britain. The council spends £1.5 million every year on running and promoting the zoo, which is one of the few local government-funded zoos in the UK and Ireland.  Superseded by the River Lagan as the more important river in the city, the Farset now languishes in obscurity, under High Street. Plans to bring in additional water tariffs have been deferred by devolution in May 2007. , Ulster University, created in its current form in 1984, is a multi-centre university with a campus in the Cathedral Quarter of Belfast. The antiquities of the county consist of cairns, mounts or forts, remains of ecclesiastical and military structures, and round towers. Belfast saw the worst of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, with nearly half of the total deaths in the conflict occurring in the city. ex A. Braun; Nitella flexilis var. Bushmills is a village near the coast of County Antrim, 60 miles north of Belfast. Introduction to Ethnic Diversity in Belfast", "Measuring local segregation in Northern Ireland", "Ethnic Residential Segregation in Belfast", "Interface Barriers, Peacelines, and Defensive Architecture", "Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service", "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Belfast Local Government District (2014)", "The Industrial Revolution transformed Belfast, making it Ireland's biggest city – and it all began with the port", "Northern Ireland – Where is the bright new future? The city's elected officials are the Lord Mayor of Belfast, Deputy Lord Mayor and High Sheriff who are elected from among 60 councillors. 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Belfast is the only city in County Antrim.  The Castlereagh Hills overlook the city on the southeast. This position was confirmed in four subsequent council elections, with mayors from Sinn Féin and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), both of whom are nationalist parties, and the cross-community Alliance Party regularly elected since. In 1919, workers in all three cities struck for a ten-hour reduction in the working week. , In April 2008, the Department for Regional Development reported on a plan for a light-rail system, similar to that in Dublin. Many ex-NHL players have featured on the Giants roster, none more famous than world superstar Theo Fleury. The crisis was abated by the onset of the Great War, the sacrifices of the UVF in which continue to be commemorated in the city (Somme Day) by unionist and loyalist organisations. 5.23% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots; and. Belfast, County Antrim. A revival of Gaelic power followed the campaign of Edward Bruce in 1315, leaving Carrickfergus as the only significant English stronghold. Later in the year a major expedition from England under Marshal Schomberg landed in Belfast Lough and successfully laid siege to Carrickfergus. Bank Street in the city centre referred to the river bank and Bridge Street was named for the site of an early Farset bridge.  The shape of the giant's nose, known locally as Napoleon's Nose, is officially called McArt's Fort probably named after Art O'Neill, a 17th-century chieftain who controlled the area at that time. As "Dissenters" from the established Church of Ireland communion, the Presbyterians were conscious of sharing, if only in part, the disabilities of Ireland's largely dispossessed Roman Catholic majority. J. Groves & Bullock-Webster; Chara vulgaris var. The Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN) Web Service receives funding from both universities and is a rich source of information and source material on the Troubles as well as society and politics in Northern Ireland. The City Hall was finished in 1906 and was built to reflect Belfast's city status, granted by Queen Victoria in 1888. Until 2011 the route went to Stranraer and used inter alia a HSS (High Speed Service) vessel—with a crossing time of around 90 minutes. This was followed by the drilling and eventual arming of a 100,000 strong Ulster Volunteer Force. Besides the Ulidians and Dál Riada, there were the Dál nAraide of lower County Antrim, and the Cruthin, who were pre-Gaelic Celts and probably related to the Picts of Britain. Commentators have argued that this may create a bottleneck at York Street, the next at-grade intersection, until that too is upgraded. Antrim is a county. Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon Park, to the south of the city centre, attracts thousands of visitors each year to its International Rose Garden. Edmund Hogan and John O'Donovan favoured this interpretation. , In 2004–05, art and cultural events in Belfast were attended by 1.8 million people (400,000 more than the previous year).  Over the past 10 years employment has grown by 16.4%, compared with 9.2% for the UK as a whole. TITANIC BELFAST. County Antrim is one of two counties in Ireland in which the majority of people are Protestant, according to the 2001 census, the other being Down. Dem kulturellen County Antrim entsprechen neun Kreise (Districts): 1. Wood. Belfast International shares its runways with the Royal Air Force base RAF Aldergrove, which otherwise has its own facilities. R.D. Belfast City. Ed. Custom House Square is one of the city's main outdoor venues for free concerts and street entertainment. Upper and Lower Glenarm was ruled by the O'Flynn/O'Lynn sept, considered part of the Glynns. Weatherall, Norman (text) and Evans, David (paintings) 2002, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 00:10. | From Ballycastle to Portrush, Antrim's famous coastline is truly spectacular. In 2005, Belfast International Airport was the 11th busiest commercial airport in the UK, accounting for just over 2% of all UK terminal passengers while the George Best Belfast City Airport was the 16th busiest and had 1% of UK terminal passengers. In particular, the region has a booming tourist industry with record levels of visitors and tourist revenues and has established itself as a significant location for call centres.  Finally, the Titanic Quarter covers 0.75 km2 (185 acres) of reclaimed land adjacent to Belfast Harbour, formerly known as Queen's Island. Belfast: A Profile of the City. , In 1994, a weir was built across the river by the Laganside Corporation to raise the average water level so that it would cover the unseemly mud flats which gave Belfast its name (from Irish Béal Feirste 'The sandy ford at the river mouth'). Belfast (County Antrim) Our aim is to connect all people with a link to Belfast. This comprised 3 DUP and 1 Sinn Féin. Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC), Belfast (Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies), Northern Ireland Assembly Elections in 2017, List of tallest buildings and structures in Belfast, Interface Barriers, Peacelines & Defensive Architecture, Selma To Montgomery National Historic Trail, "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom", "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019", "Where are the largest cities in Britain? Belfast has two universities. , A legacy of the Troubles are the many 'peace lines' or 'peace walls' that still act as barriers to reinforce ethno-sectarian residential segregation in the city.  The district of Ballyhackamore has even acquired the name "Ballysnackamore" due to the preponderance of dining establishments in the area.. Belfast elected 7 Sinn Féin, 5 DUP, 2 SDLP, 3 Alliance Party, 1 UUP, 1 Green and 1 PBPA MLAs. It had been the scene of various episodes of sectarian conflict between its Catholic and Protestant populations. The Spanish vessel La Girona was wrecked off Lacana Point, Giant's Causeway in 1588 with the loss of nearly 1,300 lives.. Cullen, Pamela V., "A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams", London, Elliott & Thompson, 2006, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Category:Railway stations in County Antrim, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council, South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company, Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Antrim), North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster Scots, Statistics from the national Gaelscoil management body, accessed at http://www.gaelscoileanna.ie/assets/Oid-Tr%C3%AD-Mhe%C3%A1n-na-Gaeilge-in-%C3%89irinn-sa-Ghalltacht-09_101.doc, January 2012, "Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972", "Statistical classification of settlements", County Antrim on the interactive map of the counties of Great Britain and Ireland, The Northern Ireland Guide: For information and reviews for locals and tourists alike, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=County_Antrim&oldid=992914631, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2009, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 19:55. , Belfast city centre has undergone expansion and regeneration since the late 1990s, notably around Victoria Square. This area became the hub around which the original settlement developed. In a demonstration of their resolve not to submit to a Dublin parliament, in 1912 Belfast City Hall unionists presented the Ulster Covenant, which, with an associated Declaration for women, was to accumulate over 470,000 signatures. One of Northern Ireland's two community TV stations, NvTv, is based in the Cathedral Quarter of the city. The old county town was Belfast City, but the most famous destination in the county is the Giant's Causeway. Donegall Quay was built out into the river as the harbour was developed further and trade flourished. Since the ending of the region's conflict tourism has boomed in Northern Ireland, greatly aided by low cost. Belfast is fast becoming a cultural and foodie hub in Northern Ireland. The current club president is Irish-language enthusiast Linda Ervine who comes from a unionist background in the area. The service is being recognised as helping to modernise the city's public transport.  Visitor numbers rose by 6% to reach 6.8 million in 2006, with tourists spending £324 million, an increase of 15% on 2005. The city is served by two airports: The George Best Belfast City Airport adjacent to Belfast Lough and Belfast International Airport which is near Lough Neagh. It had a population of 343,542 as of 2019[update]. For elections to the European Parliament, Belfast was within the Northern Ireland constituency. Belfast is linked directly to Coleraine, Portrush and Derry. virgata (Kütz.) Other major developments include the regeneration of the Titanic Quarter, and the erection of the Obel Tower, a skyscraper set to be the tallest tower on the island. The industrial estate and docklands BT3. Ferries sail from Larne Harbour to destinations including Cairnryan in Scotland. The areas around the Falls Road, Ardoyne and New Lodge (Catholic nationalist) and the Shankill Road (Protestant loyalist) are among the ten most deprived wards in Northern Ireland.  U2 played here in 1997. It was made internationally famous as the setting for the classic film, Odd Man Out, starring James Mason. The castle at Carrickfergus, dating from the Norman invasion of Ireland, is one of the best preserved medieval structures in Ireland. Developments include Victoria Square, the Cathedral Quarter, and the Laganside with the Odyssey complex and the landmark Waterfront Hall.  Rose Week in July each year features over 20,000 blooms. This escalation in segregation, described as a "ratchet effect", has shown little sign of decreasing. In 1997, unionists lost overall control of Belfast City Council for the first time in its history, with the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland gaining the balance of power between nationalists and unionists. In the 2019 UK general election, the DUP lost two of their seats in Belfast; to Sinn Féin in North Belfast and to the SDLP in South Belfast. In the late Middle Ages, Antrim was divided into three parts: northern Clandeboye, the Glynnes and the Route. , Belfast is home to over twenty Gaelic football and hurling clubs. It is also the second largest city on the island of Ireland (after Dublin, the capital of the Republic of Ireland), and the fifteenth largest in the United Kingdom. The Magee campus, about 70 mi (113 km) from Belfast city centre has many teaching strengths; including business, computing, creative technologies, nursing, Irish language and literature, social sciences, law, psychology, peace and conflict studies and the performing arts.  A 2005 survey of how people travel in Northern Ireland showed that people in Belfast made 77% of all journeys by car, 11% by public transport and 6% on foot. In late August 2018, at least three groups were vying for the right to purchase the 5,500 RMS Titanic relics that were an asset of the bankrupt Premier Exhibitions. , Belfast has been the capital of Northern Ireland since its establishment in 1921 following the Government of Ireland Act 1920. Due to community activity in the 1960s, including the establishment of the Shaw's Road Gaeltacht community, the expanse in the Irish language arts, and the advancements made in the availability of Irish medium education throughout the city, it can now be said that there is a 'mother-tongue' community of speakers. Covering an area of just over 1,000 square miles, Antrim is home to some of Ireland's best loved myth and legend. There are also many examples of Edwardian, such as the City Hall, to modern, such as the Waterfront Hall. Belfast Area Information, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.  In 1588 the Antrim coast was the scene of one of the 24 wrecks of the Spanish Armada in Ireland.  In May 2020, the foundation of East Belfast GAA returned Gaelic Games to unionist East Belfast after decades of its absence in the area. A branch of the O'Neills of Tyrone migrated to Clandeboye in the 14th century, and ruled it for a time. Industrialisation, and the inward migration it brought, made Belfast Northern Ireland's biggest city. The Giant's Ring, a 5,000-year-old henge, is located near the city, and the remains of Iron Age hill forts can still be seen in the surrounding hills. Antrim’s main draw is undoubtedly Belfast, Northern Ireland’s capital city. The RMS Titanic was built in this port city: “she was fine when she left here,” as locals like to quip. Over 2.2 million passengers flew between Belfast and London in 2009.. Belfast 400 People Places and History.  In the expectation of French assistance the Society organised a republican insurrection, defeated to the north and south of Belfast, at Antrim and Ballynahinch, in 1798. The Capital and largest city is located here as well as the town Antrim.  Conn O'Neill of the Clannaboy O'Neills owned vast lands in the area and was the last inhabitant of Grey Castle, one remaining link being the Conn's Water river flowing through east Belfast.. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. Since the expansion of the European Union, numbers have been boosted by an influx of Eastern European immigrants. Upper Antrim, part of Lower Clandeboye, was the home of the O'Keevans. According to the 2001 census, it is currently one of only two counties of Ireland in which a majority of the population are from a Protestant background. , An alternative interpretation of the name, "mouth of [the river] of the sandbar", would allude to the River Farset, which flows into the Lagan where the sandbar was located.  The highest temperature recorded at any official weather station in the Belfast area was 30.8 °C (87.4 °F) at Shaw's Bridge on 12 July 1983. In addition to that sept and that of O'Quinn, both of which were native, the Scottish Gallowglass septs of MacKeown, MacAlister, and MacGee, are found there.  The rest of the city's water is sourced from Lough Neagh, via Dunore Water Treatment Works in County Antrim. 43.32% indicated that they had a British national identity, 35.10% had an Irish national identity and 26.92% had a Northern Irish national identity. Shanks Estate Agents are pleased to bring to the sales market this 7 bedroom end terrace property. As with any modern economy, the service sector is vital to Northern Ireland's development and is enjoying excellent growth. During the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year, local sunset is before 16:00 while sunrise is around 08:45. When Swift was living at Lilliput Cottage near the bottom of Belfast's Limestone Road, he imagined that the Cavehill resembled the shape of a sleeping giant safeguarding the city. The two MPs Belfast returned to Dublin had remained nominees of the Chichesters (Marquesses of Donegall). flexilis; Nitella translucens (Pers.)  It also provides the city's specialist neurosurgical, ophthalmology, ENT, and dentistry services. At the time Ireland produced a large amount of flax. , The name Belfast derives from the Irish Béal Feirsde, later spelt Béal Feirste. Many of Belfast's oldest buildings are found in the Cathedral Quarter area, which is currently undergoing redevelopment as the city's main cultural and tourist area. , Northern Ireland's peace dividend has led to soaring property prices in the city. Capital and chief port of Northern Ireland, This article is about the capital of Northern Ireland. Other towns include Carrickfergus and Larne on the east coast, Ballymena in the centre and Ballycastle on the north coast. On both coasts there are several resort towns, including Portrush (with well-known golf links), Portballintrae and Ballycastle; on the east Cushendun, Cushendall and Waterfoot on Red Bay, Carnlough and Glenarm, Larne on the Sea of Moyle, and Whitehead on Belfast Lough. Situated in Belfast in the Antrim County region, Clydesdale Shepherds hut features a patio and lake views. Antrim im Südwesten, Standort des Flughafens Belfast International Airport 6. 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