Join us to make change. Free Panthera Genus Chart by Wild Cat Family Scientific Name: Panthera uncia. Endangered. The BBC One TV series Planet Earth had a segment on snow leopards. , The snow leopard is a carnivore and actively hunts its prey. The snow leopard in heraldry is sometimes known in English as the ounce. Apparently, this alternative name for the snow leopard or mountain panther comes from the Italian 'lonza', related to lynx. The USAID-funded, $7.3 million Conservation and Adaptation in Asia’s High Mountain Landscapes and Communities project will conduct field activities in and build alliances among six of the snow leopard’s 12 range countries: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan. Its hind legs give the snow leopard the ability to leap six times the length of its body.  It cannot roar, despite possessing partial ossification of the hyoid bone. A litter usually consists of two to three cubs, in exceptional cases also up to seven. Through the Land of Snow Project, WWF aims to secure key areas of snow leopard habitat in Mongolia. , In 2008, there were approximately 600 snow leopards in zoos around the world. toppr. It used to be thought not to be closely related to the smaller leopard, which is why they were put in different genera before. He also described morphological differences between leopard (P. pardus) and snow leopard skins. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-8018-5789-9 , The word panther derives from classical Latin panthēra, itself from the ancient Greek pánthēr (πάνθηρ).   Common Name. An expert at navigating the steep and rocky alpine regions of Central Asia, the snow leopard is recognisable by its long tail and almost-white coat, spotted with large black rosettes. Snow leopard. Known for their elusive nature, snow leopards are referred to by locals as “mountain ghosts.” As one of the most mysterious species on the planet, the snow leopard remains one of the least understood, and seen, of the big cats. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Snow_leopard&oldid=993811068, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 16:50. Uncia was proposed by John Edward Gray in 1854 who grouped Asian cats with a long and thick tail into this genus. They will actively pursue prey down steep mountainsides, using the momentum of their initial leap to chase animals for up to 300 m (980 ft). This likely helps reduce the inbreeding that would otherwise be common in their relatively isolated environments. Their eyes open at around seven days, and the cubs can walk at five weeks and are fully weaned by 10 weeks. Irish Name: Liopard sneachta.  Two subspecies were described based on morphological differences, but genetic differences between the two have not been confirmed. , Both the Latinized specific epithet uncia and the occasional English name ounce are derived from the Old French once, originally used for the European lynx. They are stocky cats with relatively short legs, they have a short body but the tail is quite long. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Snow leopards are big cats known for their beautiful silver, white and black fur and green eyes. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 mature individuals and is expected to decline about 10% by 2040. Did you know you can adopt me? Panthera uncia, Uncia uncia. Its goal is to secure the long-term survival of the snow leopard in its natural ecosystem. Snow Leopards are vulnerable to hunters, loss of prey and habitat destruction. D. Hylobates hoolock. The snow leopard has not been reported to attack humans, and appears to be the least aggressive to humans of all big cats. In Peter Matthiessen's 1978 travelogue The Snow Leopard, he recounts his two-month search with naturalist George Schaller for snow leopards in Nepal. SAVE CANCEL already exists. The primary diet of Snow Leopards consists of Blue Sheep, Ibex and sometimes small animals like marmots, hare, and some birds. The three criteria that will secure healthy populations of snow leopards are populations that represent at least 100 breeding age snow leopards, contain adequate and secure prey populations and have connectivity to other snow leopard populations. Latest. Scientific name and origin Panthera uncia (previously: Uncia uncia) The genus name, Uncia, is derived from the Old French word once, which was originally used for the European lynx. The main characters apart from Chak'ku are a markhor named Mehru and a chukar partridge named Hero. It also eats a significant amount of vegetation, including grass and twigs. The Latin word (or Scientific name) for them is "Uncia uncia" Some use the term 'botanical name' however that is only applicable to the plant kingdom (botany) and not the animal kingdom (zoology). Paired snow leopards mate in the usual felid posture, from 12 to 36 times a day. , Generation length of the snow leopard is eight years. Their white-gray coat spotted with large black rosettes blends in perfectly with the steep and rocky mountains of Central Asia. Closely related to the tiger, there are two subspecies of snow leopard. In Tibet, it is found up to the Altyn-Tagh in the north. The mountains were rich with their prey such as blue sheep, Argali wild sheep, ibex, marmots, pikas and hares. Scientific Name. In the beginning of the 1990s, the Indian snow leopard population was estimated at roughly 200–600 individuals living across about 25 protected areas. , The snow leopard's vocalizations include meowing, grunting, prusten, and moaning. For other uses, see, A snow leopard showing its large paw with thick fur on pads, The thickly furred tail of a snow leopard, photographed at, Shynghyz, the oldest known snow leopard aged 26 in, Global Snow Leopard and Eco-system Protection Program, 2015 designated International Year of the Snow Leopard, Das S. et al. Climate change poses perhaps the greatest long-term threat to snow leopards. A member of the "Big Cat" family, the Leopard is an agile and opportunistic hunter that has been able to exploit habitats unused by other large felines as it spends a great deal of its time high in the tree branches. Populations. Snow leopards are often killed by local farmers because they prey on livestock such as sheep, goats, horses, and yak calves. The Leopard is a medium-sized wildcat that is natively found in a variety of different habitats across sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. Its preferred wild prey species are Himalayan blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), argali (Ovis ammon), markhor (Capra falconeri) and wild goat (C. aegagrus). , Felis irbis was proposed by Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg in 1830 who described a skin of a female snow leopard collected in the Altai Mountains in Siberia.  It prefers prey ranging in weight from 36 to 76 kg (79 to 168 lb), but also hunts smaller mammals such as marmot, pika and vole species.  Since phylogenetic studies revealed the relationships among Panthera species, it is considered a member of this genus. The sole predator of snow leopards? A crowned snow leopard features in the arms of Shushensky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The average lifespan of this species is 18 years, although it’s generally less for those that live in the wild. Their individual home ranges ranged in size from 12 to 39 km2 (4.6 to 15.1 sq mi). The scientific name of the snow leopard is Uncia uncia, and is the state animal of Himachal Pradesh, a north Indian state in the western Himalayas. They have adapted to the extreme environment of the Himalayas and are native to only the Central Asian region.  The Snow Leopard, Viking Books, New York 1978, ISBN 978-0099771111) Eckard Gehm: Schneeleopard (Uncia uncia). The scientific name for a snow leopard is Panthera uncia. WWF supports mobile antipoaching activities as a way to curb the hunting of snow leopards and their prey. , The snow leopard is distributed from the west of Lake Baikal through southern Siberia, in the Kunlun Mountains, in the Russian Altai mountains, Sayan and Tannu-Ola Mountains, in the Tian Shan, across Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan to the Hindu Kush in eastern Afghanistan, Karakoram in northern Pakistan, in the Pamir Mountains, and in the high altitudes of the Himalayas in India, Nepal, and Bhutan, and the Tibetan Plateau. All range-country governments, nongovernmental and inter-governmental organizations, local communities, and various private sector businesses pledged to take the year as an opportunity to further work towards conservation of snow leopards and their high-mountain ecosystems. These feline hunters ambush their prey, which includes wild sheep, deer, small mammals and wild boar. , The snow leopard's fur is whitish to gray with black spots on head and neck, but larger rosettes on the back, flanks and bushy tail. Snow Leopard. In the countries in the northern part of its range, it also lives at lower elevations. C. Panthera tigris. , Old coat of arms of Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, Coat of arms of Shushensky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Snow leopard on the reverse of the old 10,000-Kazakhstani tenge banknote, Documentary footage of the snow leopard is scarce. , Greenhouse gas emissions will likely cause a shift of the treeline in the Himalayas and a shrinking of the alpine zone, which may reduce snow leopard habitat by 30%.. Females have a gestation period of 90–100 days, and the cubs are born between April and June. Chalky; Dawa; Sabu – snow leopard (Tibetan) Foggy; Snowy; Nirvana; Lily; Ash; Ivory; Nevada – covered in snow (Spanish) Layan; Yeti; Yuki – snow or lucky (Japanese) Valens; Lotus; Flash; Mist; Bodhi – enlightenment; Chilly; Kovo – meaning “strong” Asha; Raj – meaning “king” or “rule” Gannett; Goji – goji berry; Glacier; Everest , The female gives birth in a rocky den or crevice lined with fur shed from her underside. Nisar Malik, a Pakistani journalist, and Mark Smith, a cameraman who had worked on the Planet Earth segment, spent a further 18 months filming snow leopards in the Hindu Kush for the BBC Two series Natural World episode "Snow Leopard – Beyond the Myth". These results indicate that about 40% of the 170 protected areas in snow leopard range countries are smaller than the home range of a single male snow leopard. Scientific Name: Panthera uncia. The belly is whitish. This partial ossification was previously thought to be essential for allowing the Panthera cats to roar, but new studies show that the ability to roar is due to other morphological features, especially of the larynx, which are absent in the snow leopard. Watch Queue Queue The Snow Leopard is a threatened endangered species as the population is declining. Panthera uncia is the scientific name for the snow leopard. They mostly rest near cliffs and ridges that provide vantage points and shade. I have decided to study Snow Leopards (Scientific name: Panthera uncia) because of the facts and how interesting they are as an animal. There has been and still is much controversy over the genus of the snow leopard. Answers.com ® Categories Animal Life Mammals Land Mammals Cats (Felines) Wild Cats Leopards and Panthers Snow Leopards The scientific name of a snow leopard? , The major threat to snow leopard populations is poaching and illegal trade of skins and body parts. Ppt snow leopard scientific name snow leopards in mongolia s wild west snow leopard is no longer endangered snow leopard snow leopard panthera uncia aboutSnow Leopard Facts Behavior T Habitat And MoreSnow Leopard Facts For Kids Information Pictures SCool Facts About Snow Leopards The Fact SiteThree New Sub Species Of continue reading. The diet of the snow leopard varies across its range and with the time of year, and depends on prey availability. In Nepal, snow leopards are called Heung chituwa; in Tibet they are Sah or Shen; in Russia and Mongolia they are Irbis, and in Urdu, one of the languages of central Asia, they are Barfani chita. Until spring 2017, there was no evidence available for the recognition of subspecies. The snow leopard’s scientific name is Panthera uncia. Nevertheless, they also found evidence of other sightings of the cats around nearby human settlements, and of repeated attacks on livestock (some of them unsuccessful)..  He also clarified that several leopard skins were previously misidentified as snow leopard skins. The scientific name for leopard is Panthera pardus which is also known as the binomial name, species name, latin name, biological name and zoological name. The tail is also very thick due to fat storage, and is covered in a thick layer of fur, which allows the cat to use it like a blanket to protect its face when asleep. They have a number of physical characteristics that make them very well adapted to their habitat.  Uncia was proposed by John Edward Gray in 1854 who grouped Asian cats with a long and thick tail into this genus. So, the correct option is 'Panthera uncia'. , Taxonomically, the snow leopard was long classified in the monotypic genus Uncia. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. , This article is about the cat. Scientific Name: Panthera uncia. Vulnerable (IUCN Red List) Did you know? No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. Answer. WWF’s work focuses on reducing human-leopard conflict and rural development, education for sustainable development, stopping mining in fragile snow leopard habitat, and the control of the illegal wildlife trade. , The snow leopard is the state animal of Himachal Pradesh. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. WWF developed and launched Third Pole GeoLab, an interactive web-based tool and database for snow leopard conservation, climate change, and water security issues in Asia’s high mountains, as part of our USAID-funded project, Conservation and Adaptation in Asia’s High Mountain Communities and Landscapes. In winter, they come down into the forests to altitudes around 1,200 to 2,000 m (3,900 to 6,600 ft). , A 2016 study revealed that the mitochondrial genomes of snow leopards, lions and leopards are more similar to each other than their nuclear genomes, indicating that the ancestors of snow leopards hybridised with those of lions and leopards at some point in their evolution. Upvote(0) How satisfied are you with the answer? The snow leopard is still occasionally called ounce. What is the latin name for Snow Leopard? , Snow leopards are solitary animals, but share a common space. The panthers of Kashmir, India, and Ceylon", "Range-Wide Snow Leopard Phylogeography Supports Three Subspecies", "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)", "Oldest known pantherine skull and evolution of the tiger", "Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats", "Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae)", "Canine morphology in the larger Felidae: implications for feeding ecology", "Genetically based low oxygen affinities of felid hemoglobins: lack of biochemical adaptation to high-altitude hypoxia in the snow leopard", "Saving threatened species in Afghanistan: snow leopards in the Wakhan Corridor", "Land sharing is essential for snow leopard conservation", "Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the Indian trans-Himalaya: conflict perceptions and conservation prospects", "Establishing baseline estimates of blue sheep (, "Livestock depredation by snow leopard and Tibetan wolf: Implications for herders' livelihoods in Wangchuck Centennial National Park, Bhutan", "People-Wildlife Conflict Management in the Qomolangma Nature Preserve, Tibet", "China: The Tibetan Plateau, Sanjiangyuan Region", "On the high trail: examining determinants of site use by the Endangered snow leopard, "Hyoid apparatus and pharynx in the lion (, "Observations on the ecology of snow leopard in west Nepal", "Snow leopard predation in a livestock dominated landscape in Mongolia", "Conservation and climate change: Assessing the vulnerability of snow leopard habitat to treeline shift in the Himalaya", Securing at least 20 healthy populations of snow leopards across the cat’s range by 2020, "Snow leopard cubs go on exhibit at the Metro Richmond Zoo", "Human-felid conflict: A review of patterns and priorities worldwide", http://newsonair.com/Main-News-Details.aspx?id=389479, "Allahyar and the Legend of Markhor delivers on its promise", "Molecular Evolution of Mitochondrial 12S RNA and Cytochrome b Sequences in the Pantherine Lineage of Felidae", "Ensuring Snow Leopard survival and conserving mountain landscapes by expanding environmental awareness and sharing innovative practices through community stewardship and partnerships". , Felis uncia was the scientific name used by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1777 who described a snow leopard based on an earlier description by Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, assuming that the cat occurred in Barbary, Persia, East India, and China. Uncia uncia. Results of a phylogeographic study published in September 2017 indicate that three subspecies should be recognised: P. u. uncia in the Pamir Mountains range countries, P. u. uncioides in the Himalayas and Qinghai, and P. u. irbis in Mongolia.  In the Karakoram, Tian Shan, Altai and Mongolia's Tost Mountains, its main prey consists of Siberian ibex, Thorold's deer (Cervus albirostris), Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) and argali. In captivity they can live for up to 25 years. A long tail provides balance and agility and also wraps around the resting snow leopard as protection from the cold. In relation to the length of its skull and width of its palate, it has large nasal openings, which allow for increasing the volume of air inhaled with each breath, and at the same time for warming and humidifying cold dry air. Extinction is forever so we must act fast to save these big cats. It is therefore regarded as a monotypic species. They have short stocky limbs for climbing and extra large paws that act like snowshoes. During the coming years, agreement will be reached on the steps needed to achieve the ultimate goal of ensuring that healthy snow leopard populations remain the icon of the mountains of Asia for generations to come. NAME Species: Snow Leopard Scientific Name: Panthera Uncia Status: Vulnerable Habitat: Cold High Mountains Population: Total Estimated 4,080-6,590. Genetic divergence time of this group is estimated at 4.62 to 1.82 million years. However, recent research has discovered this is not correct. In Nepal's Shey-Phoksundo National Park, the home ranges of five adult radio-collared snow leopards overlapped to a large extent, though they rarely met. de Humboldt, en l'année 1829", "Brief notices of several new or little-known species of Mammalia, lately discovered and collected in Nepal, by Brian Houghton Hodgson", "The panthers and ounces of Asia. In Mongolia, it is found in the Mongolian and Gobi Altai Mountains and the Khangai Mountains. This, like the English version ounce, came to be used for other lynx-sized cats, and eventually for the snow leopard. Chak'ku, a snow leopard, is one the main characters in the Pakistani animated film Allahyar and the Legend of Markhor. In October 2012, WWF began a four-year project to conserve snow leopard habitat, promote water security, and help communities prepare for climate change impacts in Central Asia. Panthera baikalensis-romanii was proposed by a Russian scientist in 2000 for a dark brown snow leopard skin from the Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky District, southern Transbaikal region. In the second case, not far from Almaty, an old, toothless, emaciated snow leopard unsuccessfully attacked a passerby in winter; it was captured and carried to a local village. , It has been subordinated to the genus Panthera based on results of phylogenetic studies.  Its nasal cavities are large. Oestrus typically lasts from five to eight days, and males tend not to seek out another partner after mating, probably because the short mating season does not allow sufficient time.  Impacts from climate change could result in a loss of up to 30 percent of the snow leopard habitat in the Himalayas alone. Snow leopards have evolved to live in some of the harshest conditions on Earth. For millennia, this magnificent cat was the king of the mountains. High mountainous areas.  A study in the Gobi Desert lasting from 2008 to 2014 revealed that adult male snow leopards used a mean home range of 144–270 km2 (56–104 sq mi), while adult females ranged in areas of 83–165 km2 (32–64 sq mi). A snow leopard is found on the official seal of the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan, and the former 10,000 Kazakhstani tenge banknote also featured one on the reverse. The scientific name for a Snow Leopard is Panthera Uncia and it is listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List. It also preys on domestic livestock. It inhabits alpine and subalpine zones at elevations from 3,000 to 4,500 m (9,800 to 14,800 ft), ranging from eastern Afghanistan, the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau, to southern Siberia, Mongolia, and western China. The scientific name of snow leopard is. Watch an enjoy!! Snow Leopard Names Source: flickr.com. Tai Lung, the main antagonist of the 2008 film Kung Fu Panda, is an anthropomorphized snow leopard. (Photo by Nicolas Economou/NurPhoto via Getty Images) The goal of the GSLEP is for the 12 snow leopard range countries, with support from conservation agencies, NGOs and others to work together to identify and secure at least 20 healthy populations of snow leopards across the cat's range by 2020, or "20 by 2020". While such coverage would not be remarkable with regard to common species, wildlife video of the snow leopard is difficult to obtain due to the animal's rarity and the human inaccessibility to much of its natural habitat.. Panthera uncia. They kill with a bite to the neck, and may drag the prey to a safe location before feeding. Habitat: Cold high mountains of Central Asia Population: Estimated 4000–6400 individuals Weight: 30-55 kg Head-body length: 90–130 cm; Adult shoulder height: ~60 cm; Tail length: 80–100 cm. ! This video is unavailable. In the Himalayas, it preys mostly on Himalayan blue sheep and Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica). , Uncia uncia was used by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1930 when he reviewed skins and skulls of Panthera species from Asia. , In 2013, government leaders and officials from all 12 countries encompassing the snow leopard's range (Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan) came together at the Global Snow Leopard Forum (GSLF) initiated by the then-President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev, and the State Agency on Environmental Protection and Forestry under the government of Kyrgyzstan. Snow leopards are slightly smaller than the other big cats. Some use the term 'botanical name' however that is only applicable to the plant … Part II. , At the GSLF meeting, the 12 range countries signed the Bishkek Declaration to "acknowledge that the snow leopard is an irreplaceable symbol of our nations' natural and cultural heritage and an indicator of the health and sustainability of mountain ecosystems; and we recognize that mountain ecosystems inhabited by snow leopards provide essential ecosystem services, including storing and releasing water from the origins of river systems benefitting one-third of the world’s human population; sustaining the pastoral and agricultural livelihoods of local communities which depend on biodiversity for food, fuel, fodder, and medicine; and offering inspiration, recreation, and economic opportunities.". Once itself is thought to have arisen by false splitting from an earlier variant of lynx, lonce – where lonce was interpreted as l'once, in which l' is the elided form of the French definite article la ('the'), leaving once to be perceived as the animal's name. There are seven different sub-species of Leopard which differ in their appeara… Stats. IUCN Red List. Out of these efforts was formed a cooperative support effort, the Global Snow Leopard and Eco-system Protection Program (GSLEP). Speak up for species and places through WWF's Action Center.  There are no other records of any snow leopard attacking a human being. The phylogenetic tree depicted below is based on nuclear genes (nDNA) specifically base pairs bp. I always thought 'ounce' was a strange name for a big cat. It is an opportunistic hunter and also eats carrion. , The snow leopard is capable of killing most animals in its range, with the probable exception of the adult male yak. Answered By . September 6, 2020 . It aims to shed light on the preservation and poaching of snow leopards. In the Eastern Himalayas, WWF works with local communities to monitor snow leopards and reduce the retaliatory killing of them through innovative local insurance plans.WWF also works with goat herders in Mongolia to build awareness about the plight of the snow leopard and reduce the killing of snow leopards as retaliation for killing livestock. Numerous agencies are working to conserve the snow leopard and its threatened mountain ecosystems.  Other species hunted when available include red panda, wild boar, langur monkey, snow cock and chukar partridge. Their home ranges overlapped less than 20%. Elusive and solitary nature, snow leopards are rarely spotted and even less frequently studied within their rugged and harsh habitat. Mongolian photographer, traveler Batzaya Choijiljav, took remarkably successful expedition to photograph Snow Leopards in West Mongolia.We share his recent trip pictures that show iconic rare creature, the Snow Leopards and its habitats with brief information of … , A 2008 Natural World episode, "Snow Leopard – Beyond the Myth", interviewed a couple with a goat farm in Pakistan; the woman was bowled over by a snow leopard escaping an enclosure where it had been feeding on the livestock, but she was not attacked by the cat, despite fainting and being helpless. They consume all edible parts of the carcass, and can survive on a single Himalayan blue sheep for two weeks before hunting again. , Like other cats, snow leopards use scent marks to indicate their territories and common travel routes. Males moved between 0.5 and 5.45 km (0.31 and 3.39 mi) per day, and females between 0.2 and 2.25 km (0.12 and 1.40 mi), measured in straight lines between survey points, but they often zigzagged in the precipitous terrain.  Panthera uncia uncia.  The snow leopard and the tiger probably diverged between 3.7 and 2.7 million years ago. Verlag Wildpark Lüneburger Heide, Hanstedt-Nindorf 2002, ISBN 3-00-009603-5 (deutsch/englisch) Ronald M. Nowak: Walker’s Mammals of the World. As a result, they are easily driven away from livestock; they readily abandon their kills when threatened, and may not even defend themselves when attacked. According to my dictionary that is "Panthera uncia." The film crew went to some lengths to demonstrate that the cat was primarily hunting wild prey and was often ranging far outside the area, as they hoped to prevent local farmers from shooting it. A short body but the tail is quite long goal is to secure key of. 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